Bunion removal is surgery to treat deformed bones of the big toe and foot.
A bunion occurs when the big toe points toward the second toe, forming a bump on the inner side of the foot.
You will be given anesthesia (numbing medicine) so that you won’t feel pain.
• Local anesthesia — Your foot may be numbed with pain medicine. You may also be given medicines that relax you. You will stay awake.
• Spinal anesthesia — This is also called regional anesthesia. The pain medicine is injected into a space in your spine. You will be awake but will not be able to feel anything below your waist.
• General anesthesia — You will be asleep and pain-free.
The surgeon makes a cut around the toe joint and bones. The deformed joint and bones are repaired using pins, screws, plates, or a splint to keep the bones in place.
The surgeon may repair the bunion by:
• Making certain tendons or ligaments shorter or longer
• Taking out the damaged part of the joints and then using screws, wires, or a plate to hold the joint together so that they can fuse
• Shaving off the bump on the toe joint
• Removing the damaged part of the joint
• Cutting parts of the bones on each side of the toe joint, and then putting them in their proper position
Your doctor may recommend this surgery if you have a bunion that has not gotten better with other treatments, such as shoes with a wider toe box.
Bunion surgery corrects the deformity and relieves pain caused by the bump.