Leech therapy has been used for thousands of years to treat nervous system disorders, dental problems, skin diseases and infections.
Today, in addition to these cases, leech therapy is used after a variety of plastic surgeries and other microscopic surgeries. Because leeches secrete in their saliva the anticoagulant anticoagulant, which prevents blood clots in the body and improves blood circulation. Better blood flow will heal wounds faster.
Leech therapy is sometimes the best alternative treatment for diseases and sometimes even works better than drug treatments. Due to the healing effects of leech therapy on the human body, this traditional treatment has become very popular among the people. Currently, leech treatment is considered because of its simplicity and low cost.
History of leech therapy:
Leeches have been used medicinally for 2,500 years in India, Greece, Iran, Rome and then in Europe. In the nineteenth century, leech therapy was used as a treatment for headaches, fever, infectious wounds, etc.
Leech therapy is known as one of the common methods in traditional Iranian medicine and its use in Iran is several years old. Regarding the use of leech therapy in the treatment of many diseases, Abu Ali Sina wrote in his law book that after the translation of his works, leech therapy and leechology became popular in the West.
How is leech treatment done?
In this method, leeches are placed on the skin and leeches pierce the skin with their teeth.
Leech treatment usually takes between 20 and 45 minutes, during which time each leech sucks 15 milliliters of blood. Zoologists have so far identified 600 species of leeches, 15 of which are used in medicine. Some leeches are poisonous and may be dangerous to human health. For this reason, this operation must be performed by an expert.
During leech treatment, leeches secrete three substances, which are:
Local anesthetic (to reduce pain)
Vasodilator (to improve blood circulation)
Heroin and choline (to prevent blood clots)
What are the benefits of leech therapy?
Leech therapy is recommended for people with diabetes, people with heart disease and even those with varicose veins.
Among the diseases that leech therapy can help treat are:
• Circulatory disorders and cardiovascular disease
• blood pressure
• Varicose veins
• Skin problems
Researchers believe that leech therapy is useful in treating joint problems such as osteoarthritis and reduces joint pain and tenderness due to its anti-inflammatory and anesthetic properties.
Who should avoid leech treatment?
People with anemia or damaged arteries are not good candidates for leech treatment. People under the age of 18 and pregnant women are also advised to avoid this treatment.