Throat cancer is cancer of the vocal cords, larynx (voice box), or other areas of the throat.
People who smoke or use tobacco are at risk of developing throat cancer. Drinking too much alcohol over a long time also increases risk.
Smoking and drinking alcohol combined lead to an increased risk for throat cancer.
Most throat cancers develop in adults older than 50. Men are more likely than women to develop throat cancer.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection (the same virus that causes genital warts) account for a larger number of oral and throat cancers than in the past.
One type of HPV, type 16 or HPV-16, is much more commonly associated with almost all throat cancers.