Great Scientists of Traditional Medicine
Georgis, a member of the Bakhtishu family, is known as the first physician. Masuyeh was also one of JundiShapur’s physicians in the 8th century CE who was chosen as Harun al-Rasheed’s private physician. Daghal al-Ain is the oldest ophthalmology textbook written by John b. Masuyeh in the late 8th century CE. In the 9th century CE, a great movement was formed in the compilation and translation of medical, ophthalmology, botanical and zoological books.
This movement led to the translation of many Greek, Syrian, Pahlavi and Hindi books into Arabic, the official language of that era. In the same century, Hanin b. Ishaq was known as the most famous translator with 99 works translated into Arabic. In the meantime, the translation of the encyclopaedia de Materia Medica by Dioscorides is well known. This translation, entitled “Hewli al-Tab fi al-Hasha’ish” and al-Samum, which is related to ophthalmology, botany and zoology, became a reference for currencies in chemistry and ophthalmology.
Medical science reached its peak in the 11th-10th centuries with the works of Muhammad b. Zakaria al-Razi and Ibn Sina. The services of these two scientists made traditional Iranian medicine known all over the world and had many effects on medical science in the world.
What is the science of temperament?
Psychology is a broad science that has interesting applications for diagnosing the physical and mental characteristics of each individual and is very effective in diagnosing and treating various diseases. Every food we eat has important effects on all parts of our body. By identifying our temperament, we can avoid eating foods that are problematic for us, and conversely, identify foods that are beneficial to us and help store more energy. Of all the lifestyle factors, diet is by far the most effective and simple factor that can be completely under your control.
In general, we have two types of temperament that differ in concept:
• Intrinsic temperament
• Temperament caused by the disease
In temperament science, all foods are classified according to whether they are hot, cold, wet or dry. This classification of foods is related to the different temperaments and the effects that each of these temperaments has on a person’s mood and physical condition. Milk, for example, is warmer. Chicken is hot and dry. If the food that suits a person’s temperament is consumed too much, for example, the person’s temperament is cold and he consumes more cold substances can have a negative effect on a person’s health and vice versa.
Humans, animals, organs and organs, plants, rocks and everything we see around us have temperaments.
Just as each food has a specific temperament, spices can have different temperaments depending on the type: Warm, temperate, cold
People with hot and dry temperaments have large and strong joints in terms of body skeleton. They have dry skin, coarse hair, short hair and large eyes. People with hot and dry temperaments are smart, generous, outspoken, emotional, with strong memory and good appetite. These people get angry quickly and jump from branch to branch. They are very active in terms of physical activity and very precise and regular in terms of mental activities. These people do not tolerate hot and dry conditions and 5 to 6 hours of sleep a day is enough for them.
Appropriate number of meals:
People with this temperament should eat three meals a day in moderation.